Different types of switches are available in order to allow for full flexibility when it comes to systems and train configurations.
From simple line structure to full redundant ring architecture,
different types of redundancy levels - with adjustable response
times - are offered.
By connecting different types of switches, the total number of devices on the train can be reduced, avoiding the need for specific train-wide switches. Some architectures also offer the possibility to support doubled bandwidth on backbone level.
A patented Static Network Address Translation in correlation with a dedicated automatic train topology mechanism offers a fail-safe location awareness.